INFECTION CONTROL - ANSWERS
1) How are germs transmitted?
- Direct contact from person to person
- Direct contact with source of infection (wounds, fluids & secretions)
- Indirect contact (soiled linen or clothing)
- Droplet infections within 3 feet (talking, sneezing & coughing)
- Carried & spread by small insects and animals
2) What are the precautions used to prevent the transmission and spread of germs and infections?
- Proper handwashing procedures
- Proper gloving procedures
- Proper cleaning of work areas, surfaces & linens
3) What are the procedures for maintaining kitchen and bathroom countertops and work surfaces?
- Use standard detergent products after use
4) What are the procedures for cleaning and disinfecting spilled body substances (urine & other fluids)?
- Use disposable gloves when cleaning
- Immediately wipe with disposable towels
- Wash with hot water and detergent
- Disinfect areas with bleach solution and/or Lysol (leave on for 10 minutes, wipe and dispose of paper towels)
5) What are the procedures for cleaning and disinfecting tubs, showers, wash basins and toilets?
- Clean daily using standard cleaners and disinfected weekly using bleach solution and/or Lysol
6) Why is liquid soap preferred over bar soap?
- Bar soap has gems on the surface
7) What are the procedures for cleaning bed linens and laundry soiled by body fluids (urine, feces & excretions)?
- Use disposable gloves when handling
- Handle separately from regular laundry
- Bagged in plastic for transport to laundry
- Washed immediately in hottest setting for longest period using detergent and bleach
8) What precautions should be taken for visitors with upper-respiratory infections (cold & flue)?
- Discourage visit unless essential
- Wash hands
- Wear surgical mask during visit